Hobo Vs Brown Recluse

Spiders with a bad reputation include hobo spiders and brown recluses. They are both brown in hue, yet they have major biological distinctions.

The brown recluse is also recognized for having a violin-shaped marking on its abdomen, which is also known as the fiddle-back spider.

The six eyes arranged in pairs is another characteristic that must be seen in conjunction with the fiddle to confirm a recluse. Rust to reddish brown hobo spider colors are common. On their abdomen, they also have a pattern that a recluse will not.

Another essential factor is that each spider lives in distinct places around the United States.

The brown recluse spider may be found in the United States’ central southern region, while hobobo spiders are typical in the Pacific Northwest. The hobo spider is an invasive species from Europe, whereas the brown recluse is native to the United States.

The necrotoxic venom of brown recluse spiders is capable of producing necrotic injuries, albeit this is uncommon. The venom was initially thought to be comparable, but current scientific study and medical literature indicate that the average person is not at risk from hobo spiders’ venom.

The spider season is in full swing. Spiders are often seen indoors around this time of year as they look for a mate. The hobo spider, for example, is a common one.

Seeing a hobo spider in your house may be a little nerve-wracking if you aren’t familiar with typical Utah spiders.

Keep reading to learn about hobo spiders and how to avoid them by understanding the following essential hobo spider facts.

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Table of Contents

Hobo spider

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The hobo spider was inadvertently brought to the Pacific Northwest and portions of Canada in the 1980s, and is now recognized as the “aggressive house spider.”

A hobo spider’s bite may cause health problems and a lesion around the bitten region, making it dangerous and serious.

You can check the spider’s color as well as the spider’s web and bite to correctly identify it, since hobo spiders are frequently mistaken with brown recluse spiders.

Due to their quick movements, Hobo spiders are frequently mistaken for being aggressive, when in fact they have very poor vision and run directly toward people.

Brown spiders, especially the brown recluse, are commonly mistaken with hobgoblin spiders.

Unlike most spider webs, hobo spiders construct funnel-shaped webs that do not glue their victims, allowing them to attack them while they enter. Hobo spiders are frequently found at ground level, in addition to their poor vision.

Do Hobo Spiders Bite, and is it Dangerous?

The hobo spider’s bite is the major cause of concern for homeowners, particularly those with small children. Hobo spiders are generally non-aggressive, and unless they perceive themselves to be in danger, they will not bite humans.

Hobo spiders might lash out if you get too close to their funnel web.

When they’re breeding season, and you get too close to one of their egg bags, they’re more likely to bite. It’s a great idea to contact a pest control firm or spider exterminator as soon as you see these webs, especially if you have children or pets wandering around.

It is still unknown if their bite is harmful to humans. Hobo spiders are not as dangerous as people believed, according to recent study.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has also removed them from the venomous spiders list.

A hobo spider bite has the potential to be more harmful to youngsters, however it is seldom more than a little swelling and redness surrounding the wound.

The bite of brown recluse spiders, on the other hand, is potent enough to kill cells and damage tissue until the skin and muscles perish.

Please see a medical professional as soon as possible if you experience severe symptoms such as those listed above, deteriorating lesions, difficulty breathing, lightheadedness, or nausea.

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Hobo spiders aren’t as harmful as people think, contrary to popular belief. When bitten by these spiders, they may cause minor injuries or nothing at all.

According to new research, the hobo spider bite isn’t as bad for you as previously thought.

It’s worth noting that due to its migratory nature, the hobo spider isn’t usually found indoors. It’s also a good idea to remember that spiders prefer to flee rather than bite.

Are Hobo Spiders Poisonous?

Hobo spiders will bite when they are threatened, but they are neither poisonous or venomous. Formerly, it was believed that Hobo spider venom posed a medical danger of causing necrotic lesions.

Several individuals mistake the hobo spider for a brown recluse spider, which is very poisonous, which contributes to some of it. The hobo spider is no longer a medical concern, as subsequent research failed to support these worries.

Hobo Habitat

Hobo spiders start by making funnel-shaped nests, with the narrower end funneling into a safe spot, such as a corner.

These nests are frequently constructed in high vegetation, under rocks, or among dried timber on the ground. Hobo spiders are often seen at ground level since they are poor climbers and may be found in damp locations such as basements if they are discovered indoors.

When movement is detected, they use their webs to capture prey and lunge out from the funnel end.

The Brown Recluse and the Hobo spider both belong to the Funnel-web family and resemble one other. While they are well-known for their aggressiveness, they will only bite if they perceive themselves to be in danger.

Hobo spider venom is not considered harmful and is unlikely to produce more than a slight response, unlike some of their more poisonous funnel-web relatives.

What Do Hobo Spiders Eat?

The funnel-like web of the hobo spider has been proven to trapping insects. They wait for insects to come by, hidden in their webs. House fries, cockroaches, ants, and a variety of other insects are among the things they consume.

They aren’t afraid to eat anything that comes at ground level because they don’t climb to high elevations. The vibrations created by the insects as they land on their webs will notify the hobo spider.

Since the web can’t contain the bug for a long time, the hobo spider rushes at it. They can’t think of anything else that they would rely on.


Hobo spiders may be found in gardens, firewood piles, and between plants and the base of a building, as well as outdoors under rocks or buildings. Nests are typically discovered on the ground. Hobo spiders prefer to build webs in damp places such as a crawl space or basement. Hobo spiders are most often seen at ground level because they aren’t good climbers.

Brown Recluse Spiders

Brown recluse spiders favor seclusion and prefer to construct webs in dark, dry places that are seldom disturbed. They are named for the color of their webs. These spiders are flighty, but if threatened, they will bite.

Rather of relying on their webs to catch prey, this species is known to eat one another and are nocturnal hunters. The cephalothorax of the brown recluse spider has very fine hairs on its legs and a dark violin-shaped figure.

Brown recluse spiders are exclusively found in the south-central United States, and their range is limited.

The Brown Recluse spider’s bite (while uncommon) may cause serious tissue injuries if not treated immediately.

Outside of the South Central and Midwestern regions, brown recluse spiders are uncommon, but they often seek shelter indoors during the winter.

Brown Recluse spiders belong to a variety of harmless brown spiders that may frequently be seen around homes and are easily confused with them.

The Brown Recluse spider is a very dangerous arachnid that can be found across the South Central and Midwest United States. It’s sometimes known as the violin or fiddleback spider.

The bite of a Brown Recluse spider can create serious injuries, despite their small size (about the size of a quarter).

The Brown Recluse spider is most often discovered under woodpiles and rocks because it is a natural outdoor bug. They are, however, quite well-suited to living in homes and may occasionally find their way into attics and basements.

Although Brown Recluse spiders don’t bite often and their bites aren’t painful, knowing about them and their look-alikes is recommended.

Brown Spider Appearance

The cephalothorax, which is the part of the body where the legs attach, of brown recluses, also known as violin spiders, has a dark brown violin-shaped marking.

However, you must examine the eye pattern of a recluse to properly identify one, which has six eyes in pairs separated by a gap.

A brown recluse spider has the following characteristics:

-Most spiders have eight eyes, but six in pairs (pairs are the most common pattern).
-A dark violin-shape on the cephalothorax
-Legs that are uniformly light-colored (no bands or stripes)
-Depending on what it has eaten, the abdomen is uniformly colored, ranging from dark brown to light cream.
-Fine hairs on the legs (no spines)
-Create little webs behind things, never in the open
-It’s about 3/8 inch long in terms of body length. It is not a recluse if a spider has a body length of more than 1/2 inch.

Are Brown Spiders Poisonous?

Brown recluse spiders’ bites are not life-threatening, despite the media attention and public panic. These spiders prefer to retreat during the day and remain withdrawn and timid.

A recluse will bite even if provoked. They inject a cytotoxic venom into victims that causes a welt and a severe sore using their short fangs. If a secondary infection develops, the wound might take a long time to heal.

According to Dr. There has never been a confirmed death in North America as a result of a brown recluse spider bite, according to Phillip Anderson, a Missouri physician and well-known brown recluse expert.

In reality, practically all recluse spider stings heal in two to three months without any medical care, according to the doctor and other brown recluse specialists.

Brown recluse spider poison requires no prescription to cure. RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation – is the recommended treatment for most spider bites.


Brown recluse spiders construct uneven (asymmetrical) webs with a retreat made up of jumbled threads that they build.

Woodpiles and sheds, closets, garages, plenum areas, cellars, and other dry but normally undisturbed locations are frequently used to construct their webs.

They appear to prefer cardboard while living in human dwellings, perhaps because it resembles the rotting tree bark they live in naturally.

When the spider is disturbed and feels threatened, human-recluse contact is common.

They hunt at night, unlike most web weavers. When hunting, males travel around more than females, who prefer to stay within their webs.


Brown recluses eat the same way as other spiders do, and they have a similar appearance. Little insects and spiders are eaten by them. A recluse resembles a wolf when hunting down prey as a running spider (not one that uses webs to capture prey). Their venom is used to subdue their prey, which is the goal.

In reality, unless they are pressed against our skin (as when they are suddenly trapped between a garment and our bodies, or if they are exploring our bed sheets and we roll on top of them), brown recluses cannot bite humans easily.

The Difference Between Hobo and Brown Recluse Spiders

Due to their comparable brown color, many people mistake hobo spiders for brown recluse spiders. Nevertheless, than a hobo spider, the brown recluse spider is much more harmful.

The hobo spider’s unique design down their abdomen, which includes a yellowish-tan stripe down the middle and a V- or chevron-like pattern projecting out from the stripe, will allow you to differentiate them.

Brown recluse spiders have a violin-like shape on their abdomens, and this is in contrast to this.

Around their joints, hobo spiders have extremely long legs that are entirely brown with no markings or bands.

Closer look at Hobo Spider and Brown Recluse

By comparing the following characteristics, you can distinguish between a Hobo spider and a Brown Recluse:

-The Brown Recluse has violin-shaped markings, whereas Hobo spiders have a brown body with yellow markings.

-Brown Recluse spiders don’t create webs; hobo spiders create funnel-shaped webs. Look for evidence of web building around you.